“Managing Anxiety.” That doesn’t sound possible, does it? Anxiety is something that happens to us; we can’t “manage it.”
Well, actually, we can. It’s a little known fact, but it’s true. I’ll show you how!
From the Ayurvedic perspective, anxiety is a high Vata state. To get to anxiety, you first passed through worry. And if you don’t tend to anxiety, you will progress to the next stage, which is overwhelm. So, these are all states of high Vata dosha; what separates worry / anxiety / overwhelm from each other is the degree to which Vata has become excessive (or, aggravated). Worry is lowest on the totem pole; overwhelm is higher up; anxiety is in the middle.
When Vata dosha is excessive, sleep becomes difficult (see my post on that here), digestion goes awry, and most people becomes constipated (post on that here). These things are all tied together! So, the good news is that by tending to your high Vata state, you tend to all of these symptoms.
Vata dosha is comprised of the air + space elements. Vata is about movement (the air element generates movement) and expansiveness / spaciness. When Vata dosha is high, there is literally too much movement happening. In terms of anxiety (as well as worry and overwhelm), there is too much movement in the mind.
High Vata dosha can happen for lots of reasons; stressful life circumstances are almost guaranteed to increase Vata because of the change and uncertainty that come with them. With change and uncertainty we tend to think too much about the situation at hand, including how we are going to deal with it—as well as what else might come our way. It is very easy for the mind to inflate the situation into something very dire. There are times when this over-thinking feels justified, like it is a way to strategize and future-plan, but it all just serves to increase Vata even more. So, one of the strategies is to stop thinking. I don’t mean “scale it back;” I mean stop it altogether. Stop the run-away train before it creates a wreck (and you end up in overwhelm).
Before I go into more details about how to calm Vata down, let’s go over the qualities of Vata dosha. They are: cold, dry, light, and mobile. With Ayurveda’s focus on Opposites Balance Each Other, we apply the opposite qualities to restore balance. These qualities are: warm/hot, moist/oily, heavy, and still/stable.
Here’s what that looks like in real life: